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Short and Long Term Effects of Concussions

If you have suffered a TBI from an injury or accident and need legal help please call 1-800-561-4887 for a free attorney consultation.

Traumatic brain injury can, and often does, lead to brain damage. Also, concussions can lead to serious physical, emotional, and cognitive symptoms. Recent research suggests that the detrimental effects of even one concussion may linger for 30 years or longer in a person's life. The implications from repeated concussions are even more serious.

What are the short-term and long-term consequences of a concussion?

Short-Term Concussive Effects (lasting a few hours to a few weeks) - these symptoms may appear immediately after the blow/trauma leading to the concussion or may appear after a few days or weeks


concussion signs
  • headaches
  • vertigo
  • change in sleep patterns
  • lightheadedness
  • tinnitus (Ringing in ears)
  • coma
  • blurred vision/seeing stars
  • being dazed
  • nausea/vomiting
  • difficulty with mobility or coordination
  • loss of consciousness


  • depression
  • mood swings and change in personality
  • fear of future harm
  • feeling helpless to protect self and family
  • frustration
  • overarching anxiety
  • guilty
  • feeling easily overwhelmed
  • concussion


  • partial or total memory loss
  • loss of concentration
  • slow reaction time
  • difficulty talking and communication

Long-Term Concussive Effects (these symptoms will last a few months to many years)

  • long-term memory loss
  • emotional distress
  • slowing of some types of movements
  • depression
  • increased possibility of suicide attempts

Concussions are cumulative and recovery from traumatic brain injury can be daunting. This means that each time you have a concussion it is easier to get another concussion in the future, and the short and long-term effects of each repeated concussions become more severe. Even one concussion can lead to severe short-term and long-term effects however.

Most concussions are not too serious, but as discussed above, even one can lead to serious short and long-term consequences.

If you have experienced a concussion or other severe brain injury due to the negligence or criminal behavior of another individual, you may be entitled to compensation as a result of the injury. Call a traumatic brain injury lawyer to discuss your rights.

Call 1-800-561-4887 today for a No-Hassle, No-Obligation, Free Case Consultation

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Types of Head Injuries

  • Concussions: This is when an individual suffers a blow to the head and experiences an instant loss of awareness or alertness. Some victims of concussions may lose consciousness for seconds, minutes or even hours. Recent studies show that those who suffer more than one concussion, especially as a result of sports injuries, may face long-term consequences such as victims of more severe traumatic brain injuries.
  • Skull fractures: A skull fracture is a break or crack in the skull bone. Individuals may suffer a linear skull fracture (a break that does not result in bone movement), depressed skull fracture (part of the skull is sunken in from the trauma), a diastatic skull fracture (breaks along the suture lines in the skull) or basilar skull fracture (break in the bone from the base of the skull).
  • Intracranial hematoma: This is when the victim suffers a blood clot in or around the brain. Depending on the type of hematoma injury, the victim may experience minor to life-threatening symptoms.
  • Diffuse axonal injury: This is when the brain is injured due to a shaking movement. Diffuse axonal injuries can occur as the result of a car crash, a fall-related accident or due to other causes such as shaken baby syndrome.
  • If you or a loved one have suffered from any of the above injuries as a result of someone else’s negligence, know your rights and contact an attorney today.


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