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Common Causes of Brain Injuries

brain-injury-causeThe brain is a complex organ, which is in charge of everything we think, do, say and feel. It controls all vital body functions. When head trauma results in damage to the brain, the resulting symptoms can be devastating and potentially lifelong.

Causes of Brain injuries

Falls are the leading cause of TBI in the United States. In fact, falling accidents are responsible for 35.2 percent of all brain injuries. Falls cause about half of all TBIs among children under the age of 15 and 61 percent of all TBIs suffered by the elderly.

Other causes of brain injuries include:

  • Motor vehicle accidents are the cause of 17.3 percent of all TBIs making it the second most common cause of non-fatal brain injuries.
  • Traffic-related fatalities make up the largest percentage of fatal TBI-related deaths with 31.8 percent.
  • Victims who are struck by objects or equipment make up 16.5 percent of TBI incidents.
  • Another 10 percent of brain injuries result from assault.
  • Brain Injury Statistics

    According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), at least 1.7 million traumatic brain injuries occur in the United States every year. Traumatic brain injuries or TBIs are a contributing factor in almost a third of all injury-related deaths. Not all TBIs result in fatal injuries. Approximately 75 percent of all TBIs are concussions or other forms of milder TBI. That being said, even a mild TBI can have serious side effects and consequences.

    Catastrophic Injuries

    A traumatic brain injury is often considered a catastrophic injury because victims never return to their pre-accident stage. A number of brain injury victims may make a significant recovery, but it may never be a "complete" recovery.

    Rehabilitation for Brain Injury Victims

    Comprehensive evaluation, treatment and care are critical for recovery in brain injury cases. While physical impairments caused by brain injuries can hinder functional independence, the behavioral, cognitive, emotional and personality changes that are associated with a brain injury may lead to even more complex problems.

    Each person's rehabilitation process is unique to his or her circumstances and the type of injury he or she has suffered. Rehabilitation for brain injury victims can last anywhere from a few months to years. Insurance companies tend to drop coverage for brain injury victims after a certain period of time and families may be left in the dark as they try to come up with funds for their loved one's continued treatment and care. A number of patients do not get the rehabilitative care they need as a result of their family's financial constraints.

    The Cost of Brain Injuries

    The cost of brain injury treatment can be exorbitant.

    • Direct and indirect costs of traumatic brain injury in the U.S. have been estimated as $48.3 billion.
    • The lifetime costs for one person surviving a severe TBI can exceed $4 million.
    • An estimate of medical and non-medical needs including home modifications, health insurance and vocational rehabilitation per TBI averages $151,587.
    • Acute rehabilitation costs of survivors of severe TBIs could reach $1,000 a day.
    • Medical costs are highest for those who do not survive - an average of $454,717 per brain injury fatality.

    Victims of traumatic brain injuries can suffer from impairments of their cognitive, emotional and physical functions. It is not only the victims who suffer long-term consequences, but also their families that are often faced with mounting medical bills and rehabilitation costs.

    If you need legal assistance for a brain injury accident, please contact Bisnar Chase for a free case review.

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