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How to Treat a Head Injury

head injuryWhen a person sustains a head injury - through a fall, car crash, bicycle fall, sports-related trauma or other event, you should treat it very seriously.

Sometimes it's just a little bump or bruise on the head, but if the injury is severe enough there could be serious damage to the brain.

A person could experience contusions (bruising of the brain tissue), a hematoma (blood clot), intracranial hemorrhage (bleeding from the vessels within the brain or its covering), or edema (swelling). These can result in a wide-range of symptoms that can sometimes go unnoticed.

Steps to take to treat a head injury

The following 4 steps are very important when treating a head injury:

  • Determine whether the type of head injury is open or closed. A closed injury is when the head has experienced trauma, but it is internal and not outwardly apparent. An open injury is when the skull has actually broken open. If you are dealing with an open injury call 911 immediately.

    This does not mean that a closed injury does not also merit immediate medical attention, only that further inquiry is needed to determine the seriousness of a closed injury. If there is any doubt about the seriousness of a head injury, call 911.

    If the person is bleeding or starts to bleed, hold a cloth firmly to the wound that is open and stay that way even if the bleeding has become excessive. If a fracture has occurred, you should not press on that body part, you should dress or cover the wound, if possible. If an object is attached or protruding from a person's head, do not remove it.

  • Talk to the person and check for irregular breathing. Because a person with a traumatic brain injury can lose consciousness, obtain information regarding how the accident happened, their identity, emergency contacts, allergies, medical problems and medications taken, and the last time they ate or drank while you are waiting for medical assistance to arrive.

    One of the most common signs of a serious head injury is irregular breathing. Also, while the person is talking notice if there is any confusion, slurred speech, dizziness, personality change, or other difficulty in relating the events to you. These are all signs of a serious traumatic brain injury. When medical help arrives, relate any abnormalities the injured person experienced.

  • Keep the person as still as possible. Conduct a rapid body survey and locate other significant injuries. A serious traumatic brain injury may likely have associated spinal injuries so you want to take precautions when dealing with the person.

    If they are unconscious treat them as if they have a severe back injury. Stabilize the head in line with the back if you can, and keep them still to help them recover from their traumatic brain injury. Remember to never shake people with head injuries. A common mistake is to jerk or jiggle someone who may be injured.

  • Prevent choking. If the person is vomiting or bleeding from the nose or mouth, there is a risk of choking. Try to prevent them from choking on these fluids. When doing this move the head, neck and body as one. Never tilt the head or move the neck alone.

Using these tips will help keep the injured person from experiencing further injury. If you or a loved one has experienced a serious head injury and the injury was the fault of someone elses negligence, you might be entitled to compensation for medical bills, loss of work, and emotional and mental stress.

You should talk to a head injury lawyer as soon as possible as there is a limit on the amount of time you have to file a case in the state of California.


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Types of Head Injuries

  • Concussions: This is when an individual suffers a blow to the head and experiences an instant loss of awareness or alertness. Some victims of concussions may lose consciousness for seconds, minutes or even hours. Recent studies show that those who suffer more than one concussion, especially as a result of sports injuries, may face long-term consequences such as victims of more severe traumatic brain injuries.
  • Skull fractures: A skull fracture is a break or crack in the skull bone. Individuals may suffer a linear skull fracture (a break that does not result in bone movement), depressed skull fracture (part of the skull is sunken in from the trauma), a diastatic skull fracture (breaks along the suture lines in the skull) or basilar skull fracture (break in the bone from the base of the skull).
  • Intracranial hematoma: This is when the victim suffers a blood clot in or around the brain. Depending on the type of hematoma injury, the victim may experience minor to life-threatening symptoms.
  • Diffuse axonal injury: This is when the brain is injured due to a shaking movement. Diffuse axonal injuries can occur as the result of a car crash, a fall-related accident or due to other causes such as shaken baby syndrome.
  • If you or a loved one have suffered from any of the above injuries as a result of someone else’s negligence, know your rights and contact an attorney today.

Client Reviews of Bisnar Chase

“I don’t even know where to start, because I really wanted to write this recommendation even if there was no star or rating to be given! My daughter and I were in a bad car accident in 2011. She received a broke jaw, broken pelvic, broken arm, and a ruptured ear drum. I prayed to the lord while I was in ICU to guide me and send me to the right attorney that would help me and my daughter and not just look at us as a monetary opportunity. After much research I choose Bisnar Chase.
After spending 2 months in the ICU, we were in a long recovery process. Learning to walk, to eat due to wire shut for months! Back to the basic all over again… 4 years later it just came to an end! I tell you I have 2 different paralegals assisting me but Colleen Cadogan was the best I had this past year… This lady, emailed me, called me, send me words of encouragement almost every week! When I least expect it and I had a horrible day or had many questions and concerns she was there! As the paralegal doing her job, but also as a human being, a mother, a wife….just genuinely concern for my daughter and I. As the case came to a close….I will always remember the team of professionals and I would recommended Bisnar Chase to anyone….and be patient, patience”

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Disclaimer: The legal information presented at this site should not be construed to be formal legal advice, nor the formation of an attorney-client relationship. Any results set forth here were dependent on the facts of that case and the results will differ from case to case. Bisnar Chase serves all of California. In addition, we represent clients in various other states through our affiliations with local law firms. Through the local firm we will be admitted to practice law in their state, pro hac vice.

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